Water quality is the most important factorin the health and productivity of your pond. Unfortunately, one of the biggest challenges most pond owner’s face is also maintaining optimal water quality in their ponds.
It’s important to note that good water quality refers to what aquatic life needs and not what you think is appropriate. That said, here are five tips to help uphold optimal water quality in your pond.
Keep a Healthy Fish Population
An overpopulated pond will not only make your fish distressed but leads to excessive fish waste. Too much waste can result in an imbalance in pond water, such as an increase in the levels of ammonia.
Generally, you should have not more than 10 inches of fish for every 100 gallons of water. Otherwise, your pond will become over-populated, and you’ll start running into problems.
Uphold a Proper Balance of Flora
Did you know that plants take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide to the environment at night?
This means your pond water won’t have sufficient levels of dissolved oxygen, which is essential for the survival of your fish, if there is an over population of plant life. Therefore, you should make sure that not morethan 40 to 60 percent of your pond’s surface area is covered or shaded by plants.
Maintain Favorable pH Levels
Extreme pH values can cause fish fatalities. This may also undermine the growth of natural food for your fish. Note that favorable pH values vary by fish species, the size of individual fish, and various environmental conditions.
Nonetheless, fish generally thrive in pond waters with pH values of 6.5 to 8.5. You should find a company that offers the best pond management in Orange County California to help you determine the pH of your pond water and correct it accordingly.
Maintain Favorable Water Temperatures
To uphold proper levels of dissolved oxygen in your pond water, you should make sure that the pond water temperature doesn’t exceed 75º Fahrenheit.
One of the easiest ways to maintain favorable water temperatures is by making sure that the pond is shaded by aquatic plants. You can also invest in an aerator for use during hot weather.
Maintain the Banks
A well-planted bank can help in keeping pond water clean as it prevents erosion. Cattle should also e kept away from your pond banks. They not only destroy the banks and nearby vegetation, but their waste can also pollute the water.
Another great way to uphold pond water purity is to control runoff. You can do that by using diversion ditches, embankments, tiling, and grading.
The proper management of pond water plays an integral role in the health and production of a pond. Sometimes, your pond water may be clear, but your fish could still look distressed. This means something isn’t right in the pond’s water. You should try to maintain proper fish and plant population, appropriate pH levels, and favorable temperatures to ensure the pond water quality remainsfavorable for your fish.