A well-maintained ornamental lawn makes a nice addition to a garden or city park. The history of creating a natural landscape goes back to antiquity. Nowadays, the emerald lawn needs real care, requiring the attention and labor of its owner. A picturesque lawn often suffers from attacks by various pests, causing it irreparable damage. To avoid damage to plant roots and loss of lawn decorativeness, lawns must be protected from mammals, birds, insects, and worms.
The most dangerous lawn pests
There are not too many effective measures against pests, they should be envisaged and planned even before planting the grass. Methods of controlling them are varied and depend on the characteristics of the damage.
Moles, which live under the lawn, dig their underground catacombs in the dark at night and throw the remaining soil upstairs. The graceful lawn is covered with many dark mounds, reminiscent of the lunar surface, and grooves in the place of the failed passages. The grass over the underground mazes dries out, its roots damaged. Blind diggers like loose, sandy soils best and prefer lawns untouched by human foot.
If a mole appeared on the lawn, how to get rid of it, people have come up with a lot of ways:
- they were poisoned with smoke;
- pour different solutions into their holes;
- traps and ultrasonic devices were set.
But the result was dubious: the clever animals quickly escaped the threat with their passages. Nocturnal inhabitants are attracted by the abundance of worms in the ground, which serve as food for them. The simultaneous extermination of worms helps to cope with moles. The periodic treatment of the lawn with a mower or trimmer helps to expel the moles from the site: the animals are irritated by the crackling of the motor and the vibration of the soil.
By themselves, earthworms, which are considered the most common lawn pests, do not damage the appearance of the lawn. On the contrary, they drain the soil by making their passages. Damage is caused by their waste products. Under the piles of soil thrown out by them, the sown grass dies, and weeds begin to grow in its place. In addition, the worm-infested area attracts moles, for them worms are a delicacy, a favorite delicacy.
TurfGrass Group advises how to get rid of worms on the lawn. To do this, it is necessary:
- increase the acidity of the soil;
- every year to mulch the soil with peat;
- use a fertilizer with ammonium sulfate;
- Remove grass clippings from the lawn, which the worms feed on;
- level out soil spills that have appeared on the lawn.
Opinions about these insects are conflicting. Many consider them useful for improving soil quality with phosphorus and potassium and destroying caterpillars, but there are many more opponents of this viewpoint. Ants, the activity of which occurs in the summer, damage the appearance of the lawn: they damage the roots of grass, and attract aphids to the site – the destroyer of greenery.
Found on the lawn anthills must be immediately leveled and treated with a special insecticide, and if there are many mounds, you should dig over and pour the selected drug. Ants do not like harsh smells: the insects will be frightened away by growing nearby or spreading nearby wormwood, parsley, anise, and garlic. Various kinds of traps are effective against these pests.
Most often they are house mice, voles, or shrews. They dig in the ground connecting burrows to a depth of up to 40 cm, with several exits.
These pests multiply quickly and carry many kinds of infections.
If you have mice on the lawn, you should fight them using special baits – rodenticides. But be aware that this method of control carries little harm to the environment and be careful with your pets.
Lawn pests and methods of combating them – a serious problem for owners of well-maintained areas and landscapers responsible for the appearance of recreation areas. It is possible to solve the challenges of lawn care and pest control with the help of experts in the field.